[TOC]

Docker 快速部署 nginx Web服务器

步骤 01.nginx 配置文件准备执行如下命令写入到/app/nginx/conf/nginx.conf文件中

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mkdir -vp /app/nginx/conf/
tee /app/nginx/conf/nginx.conf <<'EOF'
user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log error;
pid /var/run/nginx.pid;
# 优化选项
worker_cpu_affinity 00000001 00000010 00000100 00001000;
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535
events {
worker_connections 65535;
accept_mutex on;
multi_accept on;
}
http {
include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
# 日志格式设置
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ' '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
log_format custom '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for" rt=$request_time urt=$upstream_response_time';
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main buffer=128k flush=5m;

# 启用GZIP压缩设置
gzip on;
gzip_min_length 4k;
gzip_comp_level 2;
# 温馨提示: 通常不建议进行图片压缩 image/jpeg image/gif image/png
gzip_types text/plain text/css text/javascript application/javascript application/x-javascript application/xml application/json application/x-httpd-php image/x-icon image/svg+xml image/avif image/webp font/ttf font/opentype;

# 启用 Accept-Encoding 支持
gzip_vary on;

# 隐藏版本
server_tokens off;

# 代理链接优化
keepalive_timeout 65;
proxy_connect_timeout 90;
proxy_read_timeout 300;
proxy_send_timeout 300;
fastcgi_buffers 8 128k;
fastcgi_buffer_size 128k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 256k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;

# 客户端访问有优化
client_body_buffer_size 128k
client_max_body_size 50M;

sendfile on;
server {
listen 80;
server_name localhost;
access_log /var/log/nginx/host.access.log custom buffer=128k flush=2m;
location / {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
index index.html index.htm;
}
}
# include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}
EOF


步骤 02.使用如下命令快速部署Nginx环境,部署后便可通过IP:8080端口进行访问Nginx。

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mkdir -vp /app/nginx/html
docker run -d --name nginx-web \
-v /app/nginx/html:/usr/share/nginx/html:ro \
-v /app/nginx/conf/nginx.conf:/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
-p 8080:80 \
nginx:latest


温馨提示: 我们可以自行构建带有html的Nginx镜像,例如本地的weiyigeek静态资源项目进行打包构建。

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# 资源清单
cd /app/
tee Dockerfile <<'EOF'
# With Jenkins CI-CD Build Images
FROM nginx:1.21.6-alpine
LABEL Description="Jenkins-CI-CD-Build" AppName="weiyigeek-index"
COPY /app/weiyigeek /usr/share/nginx/html
EOF

# 镜像构建
docker build -t weiyigeek-nginx:1.21.6-alpine .
`


温馨提示: 下述实践安装配置参考来源于【Nginx安全加固与性能调优最佳指南】( https://blog.weiyigeek.top/2019/9-2-122.html )

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tee /app/nginx/conf/nginx.conf <<'EOF'
user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log error;
pid /var/run/nginx.pid;
events {
worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
# 日志格式设置
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ' '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
log_format custom '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for" rt=$request_time urt=$upstream_response_time';
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;

# 启用GZIP压缩设置
gzip on;
gzip_min_length 3k;
gzip_comp_level 2;
gzip_types text/plain text/css text/javascript application/javascript application/x-javascript application/xml application/json application/x-httpd-php image/x-icon image/jpeg image/gif image/png image/svg+xml image/avif image/webp font/ttf font/opentype;

# 启用 Accept-Encoding 支持
gzip_vary on;

# 隐藏版本
server_tokens off;

sendfile on;
keepalive_timeout 65;

server {
listen 80;
listen 443 ssl http2;
server_name www.weiyigeek.top;
charset utf-8;

# Logs 日志
access_log /var/log/nginx/host.access.log custom buffer=128k flush=2m;

# CORS 跨域
add_header Access-Control-Allow-Origin '*.weiyigeek.top';
add_header Access-Control-Allow-Methods 'GET,POST';
add_header Access-Control-Allow-Headers 'DNT,X-Mx-ReqToken,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Authorization';

# HSTS 安全响应头
add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000;includeSubDomains;preload" always;

# XXS-Protection
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";

# 启用 ssl 证书及相关配置 (可选)
ssl_certificate /home/ubuntu/.acme.sh/weiyigeek.top_ecc/fullchain.cer;
ssl_certificate_key /home/ubuntu/.acme.sh/weiyigeek.top_ecc/weiyigeek.top.key;
ssl_session_cache shared:MozSSL:10m;
ssl_session_timeout 1d;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
ssl_ciphers ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:EECDH+CHACHA20:EECDH+CHACHA20-draft:EECDH+AES128:RSA+AES128:EECDH+AES256:RSA+AES256:EECDH+3DES:RSA+3DES:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:!NULL:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!PSK:!ADH:!DH:!DES:!MD5:!RC4;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

# 根目录
location / {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
index index.html index.htm;
}

# 样式、JS、图片资源缓存
location ~* \.(css|js|ico|gif|jpg|jpeg|png)$ {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
# 禁用404错误日志
log_not_found off;
# 关闭日志
access_log off;
# 缓存时间7天
expires 7d;
}

# 网页资源缓存
location ~* \.(xml|html|htm)$ {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
expires 24h;
}

# 字体资源缓存
location ~* \.(eot|ttf|otf|woff|woff2|svg)$ {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
log_not_found off;
access_log off;
expires max;
}
}
# include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}
EOF


Kubernetes 快速部署 nginx Web服务器

步骤 01.准备nginx配置文件, 此处采用configMap方式进行装载其配置。

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# Nginx 配置文件
tee nginx.conf <<'EOF'
user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log notice;
pid /var/run/nginx.pid;
events {
worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;
sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;
keepalive_timeout 65;
#gzip on;

server {
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;
server_name localhost;
#access_log /var/log/nginx/host.access.log main;
location / {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
index index.html index.htm;
}
}
# include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}
EOF

# 创建由 configmap 管理的名称为 nginx-conf 的 cm 配置来源于 nginx.conf 文件
kubectl create configmap nginx-conf --from-file=nginx.conf -n devtest

# 温馨提示后续该nginx.conf请执行如下命令,修改后将会热更新。
kubectl edit cm -n devtest nginx-conf


步骤 02.准备 Nginx 的 Service 与 StatefulSet 资源部署清单。

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tee > nginx-web-html.yaml <<'EOF'
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
name: nginx-web-html
namespace: devtest
spec:
type: ClusterIP
ports:
- port: 80
targetPort: 80
protocol: TCP
- port: 443
targetPort: 443
protocol: TCP
selector:
app: web-html
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
name: nginx-web-html
namespace: devtest
labels:
app: web-html
spec:
replicas: 1
selector:
matchLabels:
app: web-html
serviceName: "nginx-web-html"
template:
metadata:
labels:
app: web-html
spec:
affinity:
nodeAffinity:
requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
nodeSelectorTerms:
- matchExpressions:
- key: node
operator: In
values:
- work
podAntiAffinity:
preferredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
- podAffinityTerm:
labelSelector:
matchExpressions:
- key: app
operator: In
values:
- web-html
topologyKey: kubernetes.io/hostname
weight: 100
volumes:
- name: workdir
emptyDir: {}
- name: upfile
hostPath:
path: /nfsdisk-31/app/web/WeiyiGeek
type: DirectoryOrCreate
- name: nginx-conf
configMap:
name: nginx-conf
items:
- key: nginx.conf
path: nginx.conf
- name: timezone
hostPath:
path: /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai
initContainers:
- name: sysctl
image: alpine:3.15.4
imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
command:
- sh
- -c
- |
mount -o remount rw /proc/sys
sysctl -w net.core.somaxconn=65535
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse=1
sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range="1024 65535"
sysctl -w fs.file-max=1048576
sysctl -w fs.inotify.max_user_instances=16384
sysctl -w fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288
sysctl -w fs.inotify.max_queued_events=16384
securityContext:
privileged: true
containers:
- name: nginx
image: nginx:1.21.6
imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
ports:
- name: http
protocol: TCP
containerPort: 80
- name: https
protocol: TCP
containerPort: 443
volumeMounts:
- name: upfile
mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
- name: nginx-conf
mountPath: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
subPath: nginx.conf
EOF


步骤 03.部署清单,查看部署过程及状态,部署结果。

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# 初始化 Pod
$ kubectl get pod -n devtest
# NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
# nginx-web-html-0 0/1 Init:0/1 0 18s

# 查看部署资源的 service StatefulSet 以及 Pod 运行正常的状态如下。
kubectl get svc,sts,pod -n devtest -o wide --show-labels -l app=web-html
# NAME READY AGE CONTAINERS IMAGES LABELS
# statefulset.apps/nginx-web-html 1/1 3m11s nginx nginx:1.21.6 app=web-html
# NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE IP NODE NOMINATED NODE READINESS GATES LABELS
# pod/nginx-web-html-0 1/1 Running 0 3m11s 10.66.182.214 weiyigeek-226 <none> <none> app=web-html,controller-revision-hash=nginx-web-html-74c6ff4595,statefulset.kubernetes.io/pod-name=nginx-web-html-0

# 临时暴露部署的服务进行查看,此处将 statefulset.apps 资源的 80 端口转发到本机的 30080 端口。
kubectl port-forward -n devtest --address 192.168.12.107 statefulset.apps/nginx-web-html 30080:80
# Forwarding from 192.168.12.107:30080 -> 80

WeiyiGeek.Nginx服务快速部署

WeiyiGeek.Nginx服务快速部署

补充知识【2022年6月5日 11:12:31】

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apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
name: weiyigeek-blog
namespace: weiyigeek
labels:
app: weiyigeek-blog
ref: prod
spec:
type: ClusterIP
ports:
- name: http
port: 80
targetPort: 80
protocol: TCP
selector:
app: weiyigeek-blog
ref: prod
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
name: weiyigeek-blog
namespace: weiyigeek
labels:
app: weiyigeek-blog
ref: prod
ver: 1.7.4
track: stable
spec:
replicas: 1
selector:
matchLabels:
app: weiyigeek-blog
ref: prod
serviceName: "weiyigeek-blog"
volumeClaimTemplates:
- metadata:
name: log
labels:
app: weiyigeek-blog
ref: prod
spec:
accessModes: ["ReadWriteOnce"]
storageClassName: nfs-weiyigeek
resources:
requests:
storage: 5Gi
template:
metadata:
labels:
app: weiyigeek-blog
ref: prod
track: stable
spec:
affinity:
nodeAffinity:
requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
nodeSelectorTerms:
- matchExpressions:
- key: node
operator: In
values:
- weiyigeek
podAntiAffinity:
preferredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
- podAffinityTerm:
labelSelector:
matchExpressions:
- key: app
operator: In
values:
- weiyigeek-blog
topologyKey: kubernetes.io/hostname
weight: 100
volumes:
- name: workdir
emptyDir: {}
- name: blog-nginx
configMap:
name: blog-nginx
items:
- key: blog-nginx.conf
path: blog-nginx.conf
initContainers:
- name: sysctl
image: alpine:3.15.4
imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
command:
- sh
- -c
- |
mount -o remount rw /proc/sys
sysctl -w net.core.somaxconn=65535
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse=1
sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range="1024 65535"
sysctl -w fs.file-max=1048576
sysctl -w fs.inotify.max_user_instances=16384
sysctl -w fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288
sysctl -w fs.inotify.max_queued_events=16384
securityContext:
privileged: true
containers:
- name: app
image: harbor.weiyigeek.top/weiyigeek-blog:test
imagePullPolicy: Always
resources:
requests:
memory: 1Gi
cpu: 2
limits:
memory: 8Gi
cpu: "4"
volumeMounts:
- name: workdir
mountPath: /app/
- name: log
mountPath: /var/log/nginx/
- name: blog-nginx
mountPath: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
subPath: blog-nginx.conf
ports:
- name: http
protocol: TCP
containerPort: 80